The World War II, the bloodiest war of the mankind, broke out as Nazi Germany invaded Poland basing on Barbarossa plan on September 1, 1939. On June 22, 1941, Germany attacked the USSR, which also then included Azerbaijan. The war finished on May 9, 1945, the flag of the USSR was hoisted over the building of Reichstag in Berlin.
700,000 people from Azerbaijan participated in the war. Divisions from Azerbaijan moved from the Caucasus to Berlin. About 130 of our compatriots deserved the name of the Hero of the Soviet Union, 30 deserved the order of Honour, 170, 000 Azerbaijani soldiers and officer had been awarded with various orders and medals of the USSR. Hazi Aslanov-twice Hero of the Soviet Union, the Heroes of the Soviet Union- Israfil Mammadov, Ruslan Vezirov, Adil Guliyev, Ziya Bunyatov, Geray Asadov, Melik Maharramov and Mehdi Huseynzadeh, generals Mahmud Abilov, Akim Abbasov, Tarlan Aliyarbeyov and Hajibaba Zeynalov and many others brought honour to the history of our people.
Azerbaijan’s oil was one of the decisive factors in the Great Patriotic war. Oil production in Azerbaijan reached its peak in 1941 that made 23.5 million tons. That figure comprised 71.4% of all the oil produced in the USSR. Azerbaijani oil workers gave 75 million tons of oil and 22 million tons of petrol to the country during war years.